Speaker: Dena Doroszenko
Topic: Archaeology at the Niagara Apothecary
As a professional archaeologist Dena Doroszenko has directed a wide range of public archaeology programs and excavations for the Ontario Heritage Trust. In her presentation she will share some of her recent experiences designing and implementing historical and archaeological projects, including some remarkable experiences excavating and restoring a nineteenth century pharmacy. She describes her presentation as follows:
“In 1964, pharmacist E. W. Field, closed his practice in Niagara-on-the-Lake due to ill health. This pharmacy had been in operation for a total of 156 years by 6 pharmacists, 5
of whom had been apprenticed to their predecessors. Re-opened in 1971 as an authentic restoration of an 1866 pharmacy, the building is owned by the Ontario Heritage Trust and curated by the Ontario College of Pharmacists. Several archaeological investigations have taken place in the rear yard of the apothecary, most recently in 2017 with further work planned in 2018. The excavation of a large feature recovered hundreds of pharmaceutical bottles dating from the late 1800s to the early 1900s. This assemblage allows for discussion on the role of the pharmacist in a small community as well as allowing observations to be made regarding the community’s behaviour and social needs with this service over time particularly in response to disease. The local apothecary was part of an old tradition, that of being a medical advisor and this site has a wealth of historical records and archaeological data to review developments in local health in small town Ontario. In 2017, celebrating Canada and Ontario’s 150th, our project was a public collaborative archaeology project with volunteers from the Niagara Historical Society and Museum and resulting in a very large number of visitors to the site.”
Since 1978, Dena Doroszenko has worked for a series of public and private agencies resulting in her involvement with a wide variety of archaeological and historic sites across the Province of Ontario. Prior experience with professional and avocational archaeological societies, teaching public archaeology programs and directing excavations have provided opportunities to be directly involved in policy development, public education, promotion and advocacy. As the Senior Archaeologist for the Ontario Heritage Trust since 1987, her responsibilities include the design and implementation of historical and archaeological research programs including collections management, focussing on the wide range of provincially significant sites that fall under the purview of the Trust. Her research interests include urban archaeology in Toronto, the archaeology of domestic sites, public archaeology, industrial archaeology, African-Canadian studies and historic material culture across Ontario.
This presentation is part of the Peterborough Chapter’s monthly Public Speakers Series, conducted with the support of the City of Peterborough and the Trent University Archaeological Centre. Members of the public are invited. There is no charge. Light refreshments will be served. For further information contact chapter secretary, Dirk Verhulst, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The County is undertaking the preparation and completion of an Archaeological Management Plan (AMP) for Simcoe County. The purpose of the initiative is to conserve and protect this area's rich cultural heritage and archaeological features and sites and to address Planning Act requirements. The process includes significant consultation and engagement with stakeholder groups, First Nations and Métis communities.
Our County is rich with culture and heritage and identifying these features will not only serve a rich historical purpose, but also provide efficiencies for local planning authorities who can use the information within planning policies and decisions,” said Warden Gerry Marshall. We are already having productive discussions with our Indigenous communities, and we plan to engage with stakeholder groups as much as possible to build an inclusive and detailed plan that will support planning and land use policy for generations to come.
Once complete, the County of Simcoe AMP will:
Create a confidential inventory of registered and unregistered archaeological sites, including all existing and closed cemeteries
Prepare an overview of the County's settlement history for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples
Develop Geographic Information System (GIS) based mapping that identifies areas of Indigenous and colonial period archaeological potential
Recommend County Official Plan updates relating to cultural heritage conservation and archaeological features and sites
Recommend improved planning processes to ensure a standardized and consistent approach to integrating the archaeological assessment process into the municipal planning and development review process
Recommend an engagement and consultation protocol with relevant Indigenous communities
Recommend a Contingency Plan for the protection of archaeological resources in urgent situations (i.e., deeply buried human remains discovered during construction)
Consultation with First Nation and Métis communities and site/feature identification started in early 2018 and the final AMP is expected to be completed by early 2019.
The County will host two rounds of Open House sessions occurring in late spring 2018 to obtain input and late fall 2018 to present findings.
Speaker: Sean Berger
Speakers: Rhiannon Fisher, M.Sc., RPA, Archaeologist, Golder Associates and Carla Parslow, Ph.D., Senior Archaeologist, Golder Associates
Topic: The Unexpected Finds at AhHa-317, a Late Woodland Habitation Site in Hamilton, Ontario
AhHa-317 has been interpreted as a cabin site or special use site with a Late Woodland Attawandaron (Neutral) Iroquoian affiliation. Preliminary analysis of the pre-colonial Indigenous assemblage revealed a large amount of chipping detritus, projectile points and other lithic tools indicative of hunting activities related to food acquisition. Pottery, including decorated pieces, dated the assemblage to c. 1400 - 1600. While this artifact assemblage is typical of Woodland sites in the area, the significant number of artifacts related to fishing, such as a bone harpoon, netsinker, and fish scales, is distinctive. A phallic stone, possibly an effigy used as a pestle, is an exceptional find. This talk explores the frequency and relationship of fishing instruments to other artifacts found on Late Woodland sites within the region, including sites of the Grand River Valley. This talk also explores possible uses for the phallic effigy recovered during excavation.
We encourage all interested persons to attend Toronto Chapter meetings free of charge and invite you to become a member of the OAS and the Chapter. Bring a friend!
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