Speaker: Dr. Robert Pearce
Topic: The Richardson Site Project
The subject of this talk will be the 1976 archaeological excavation of the Richardson site, a small Early Ontario Iroquoian (Pickering branch) village occupied circa 900-1000 A.D. The site is located southeast of Hastings and northeast of Roseneath in Percy Township, Northumberland County. Participating in the May-June 1976 excavation were 78 Grade 7 & 8 students from Roseneath Centennial School, several of whom were members of the Alderville First Nation.
The talk will summarize Pearce’s research at the site (which formed the basis of his Master of Arts thesis from the Department of Anthropology, Trent University, 1975-1977) and the contributions it made to our understanding of the archaeological history of the Rice Lake/middle Trent River area. The talk will summarize some further research on the site and artifacts which has been completed or is currently on-going by archaeology students and faculty of Trent University. The latter demonstrates that not all archaeological collections languish on dusty shelves, but can be used and are still being used to make further contributions to knowledge long after they are collected.
The talk will also place “the dig” in historical perspective to explain how an archaeological excavation involving elementary school students was part of a specific Native Studies curriculum developed by Roseneath Centennial School Principal Mac Hall in the early 1970s, with significant input from First Nations educators. This was concurrent with both provincial and federal efforts to design and implement broader- scale, province-wide Native Studies programs in elementary and secondary schools in the 1970s. Consequentially several high-profile teachers, educators, politicians, and members of Alderville First Nation visited the 1976 excavation to see first-hand how the curriculum was being put into operation with the Native and non-Native students from Roseneath.
Pearce recently moved to the Roseneath area and has had a chance to re-connect with Roseneath Centennial School, former Principal Mac Hall, some of the students who took part in the 1976 “dig”, and members of Alderville First Nation. This is now providing a truly unique perspective on what “the dig” meant to all those involved some 42 years ago.
Robert Pearce is a retired archaeologist, Trent alumnus and Research Fellow of the Trent University Archaeological Research Centre. After completing his Masters thesis at Trent in 1977, he joined the staff of the Museum of Ontario Archaeology in London, Ontario, which is an affiliate of Western University. He was also Adjunct Professor in Western’s Department of Anthropology and instructed an annual archaeological field school for third year University students on the Lawson archaeological site adjacent to the Museum, as well as numerous public education programs for elementary and secondary school students, First Nations groups, adults and members of the general public. He took a brief hiatus from the Museum and Western University in 1981-1982 to obtain his doctoral degree from McGill University. He spent many years at the Museum directing over 500 cultural resource management projects throughout southern Ontario, and in 2000 became Executive Director of the Museum. He concurrently served as the Museum’s Curator. He left the Museum in 2012 and worked for 18 months as Regional Archaeologist for the Ontario Ministry of Transportation, before retiring in 2015.
This presentation is part of the Peterborough Chapter’s Monthly Speakers Series, conducted with the support of the City of Peterborough and the Trent University Archaeological Centre. Members of the public are invited. There is no charge. Light refreshments will be served. For further information contact chapter secretary, Dirk Verhulst at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Speaker: Dr. Dean Jacobs, Bkejwanong (Walpole Island First Nation)
Speakers: Colin Wallace (PhD candidate, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo)
Topic: Untapping the Potential of 3D Archaeological Modeling
Robert von Bitter, Ontario Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport
Chris Menary, Toronto Region Conservation Authority
Topic: The French Mission of Kenté: Examining its Place 350 Years Later
We encourage all interested persons to attend Toronto Chapter meetings free of charge and invite you to become a member of the OAS and the Chapter. Bring a friend!
There will be a speaker, light refreshments, and time to socialize with other members.
Speaker: Mima Brown Kapches
Topic: Canadians and the Early Years of the SAA: The Society for
American Archaeology (From 1934‐1941)
Speaker: Daniel Ionico, MA Candidate, Department of Anthropology, McMaster University
Topic: Demographic Disasters and Their Consequences: Revisiting Shell-Tempering Pottery at Neutral Iroquoian Sites
European contact with Northern Iroquoian communities brought about a series of direct and indirect consequences. These involved European-disease epidemics and a series of migrations that moved people across the landscape as refugees, captives, or conquerors. Taking a learning framework approach, I will revisit the peculiar emergence of shell-tempering practices at one site cluster in the late pre-contact and post-contact (A.D. 1580-1650) Neutral Iroquoian Confederacy. In particular, I focus on the extant Christianson and Hamilton Site pottery collections that represent before and after sequences for a series of demographic shifts in the region. This study explores the use of ceramic petrography and multi-attribute approaches as a way for Iroquoian archaeologists to understand the impacts these demographic upheavals can have on local technological systems.
Speakers: Rhiannon Fisher, M.Sc., RPA, Archaeologist, Golder Associates and Carla Parslow, Ph.D., Senior Archaeologist, Golder Associates
Topic: The Unexpected Finds at AhHa-317, a Late Woodland Habitation Site in Hamilton, Ontario
AhHa-317 has been interpreted as a cabin site or special use site with a Late Woodland Attawandaron (Neutral) Iroquoian affiliation. Preliminary analysis of the pre-colonial Indigenous assemblage revealed a large amount of chipping detritus, projectile points and other lithic tools indicative of hunting activities related to food acquisition. Pottery, including decorated pieces, dated the assemblage to c. 1400 - 1600. While this artifact assemblage is typical of Woodland sites in the area, the significant number of artifacts related to fishing, such as a bone harpoon, netsinker, and fish scales, is distinctive. A phallic stone, possibly an effigy used as a pestle, is an exceptional find. This talk explores the frequency and relationship of fishing instruments to other artifacts found on Late Woodland sites within the region, including sites of the Grand River Valley. This talk also explores possible uses for the phallic effigy recovered during excavation.
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