The Archaeology of Ontario: A Summary

  • INTRODUCTION 

  • POST ICE-AGE GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT 

  • FIRST PEOPLE OF NORTH AMERICA 

  • FIRST PEOPLE OF ONTARIO: THE PALEO-INDIANS 

  • THE ARCHAIC PERIOD
    • The Early Archaic (9,500 to 8,000 Years Ago)
    • The Middle Archaic (8,000 to 4,500 Years Ago)
    • The Late Archaic (4,500 to 2,900 Years Ago)
  • EARLY WOODLAND PERIOD
    • Meadowood Complex (900 to 500 B.C. Years Ago)
    • Middlesex Complex (500 to 0 B.C. Years Ago)
  • MIDDLE WOODLAND PERIOD
    • The Point Peninsula Complex
    • The Saugeen Complex
    • The Couture Complex
    • The Laurel Complex
    • Terminal Middle Woodland
  • LATE WOODLAND PERIOD
    • Eastern Ontario and The St. Lawrence Iroquois
    • The Ontario Iroquois Tradition
    • Western Basin Algonquin

  • THE CONTACT PERIOD
  • THE FRENCH PERIOD (A.D.1650 to 1763)
  • THE ENGLISH PERIOD (A.D. 1760 to 1867)

This Summary of Ontario Archaeology was taken from the Discovering Ontario Archaeology - Speakers Kit. The original texts were written by Jeff Bursey, Hugh Daechsel, Andrew Hinshelwood and Carl Murphy.

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